Suggestions to Teachers



IN beginning the study of Arithmetic, the first step for pupils to learn is to count readily.  This is not mastered without much practice in counting objects.  Movable objects are better for exercises in counting than pictures.  Some objects of this kind should always be kept in the school-room,–such as marbles, beans, kernels of corn, or pebbles.

The second step is to combine numbers.  To master the different combinations to 20, the pupils should first be taught to write the tables corresponding with those in the book, either upon their slates or on the blackboard, during the recitation.  This will prevent counting upon the fingers, a habit difficult to overcome when once acquired.

As the abstract exercises in this book, up to 20, are exhaustive in Addition and Subtraction, and as complete in Multiplication and Division as possible in order to secure variety, it would be well to prepare additional concrete examples from day to day to correspond with the very full abstract exercises.  An excellent practice is to require each pupil to bring two or more concrete examples of his own to each recitation.

Teach one thing at a time, and teach it thoroughly.

(from Suggestions to Teachers — original page in Ray’s Primary book)

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