Ray’s New Primary Arithmetic for Young Learners

The first book in the series is Ray’s New Primary Arithmetic for Young Learners.

Here is what the book cover from the 1857 edition looks like (click on it for a closer look):

Rays Primary Arithmetic 1857

This first volume is ninety-four pages long (the edition being used here is from 1877) and covers the “abc’s” of numbers and how to count.  It takes the student from the very basics of numbers and figures–including Oral Exercises and lots of concrete examples to illustrate the abstract concepts of numbering and counting–through addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, with plenty of review and practice exercises and problem-solving along the way.

The last section of the book contains some helpful tables of measure, like United States Money, English Money,  Troy Weight, Avoirdupois Weight, Dry Measure, Liquid Measure, Long Measure, Square Measure, Apothecary Weight, Time Table, etc.–and this is only volume ONE!

If you’ve ever used the McGuffey Readers or Harvey’s Grammar, Ray’s Arithmetic has the same kind of 19th-century charm. (Which makes sense since, after all, it was written in the 19th century.)

In addition to unpacking the fundamentals of arithmetic and working with numbers, It also gives you continual glimpses into what life must have been like during that period in our nation’s history.  So you’re also getting a healthy dose of American history along with the math!

The book has eighty-nine lessons in all.  If you work diligently through these and master the lessons, you will become a whiz at performing routine calculations, and have a foundational understanding of math that will be rock solid for the rest of the program to build upon (and, I should add, you will amaze your friends and family at just how smart you are!).

You can view and download it here:

Ray’s New Primary Arithmetic for Young Learners


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