Rays Practical Arithmetic 1857 cover This site is dedicated to providing online access — free of charge — to the entire contents of Ray’s New Arithmetic: Primary, Intellectual and Practical (the first three volumes in the series).

Ray’s was a comprehensive series of public school math textbooks written by Dr. Joseph Ray, and were used widely throughout the mid-to-late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in America.

Students can gain a solid foundation in mathematics by learning from one of the most successful, popular and longest-running sets of textbooks ever published.  (How many textbooks can you say that about?!)

What’s so special about offering FREE online access to these books (downloadable PDFs)?

Nothing.  Other sites do that.  However, this site, in addition to the free PDFs also offers free video lessons based on these textbooks, grades K through 5.  The video lessons are free of charge, available for viewing here and also on our Ray’s Arithmetic You Tube channel.

Also, . .

Besides the video on each lesson page, there is also the actual Ray’s Arithmetic lesson included from the book directly below the video.

In other words, you don’t even have to go to the printed pages of the book (PDF) to refer to a particular lesson because the lessons themselves are RIGHT ON THE SCREEN!

What does that mean for you?

Well, my fellow homeschooling parents, grandparents and advocates/promoters/defenders of educational liberty and academic freedom — and other interested folks who just want to be well-grounded in the fundamentals of mathematics — it means that you now have an easy-to-access, easy-to-use resource for incorporating this classic and very powerful math learning tool into your personal and family study regimen, which has served generations of children well and continues to serve students of all ages well into the 21st century.

It also means, we have a LOT of work to do!

So let’s get started…

Begin with Primary Math Lessons


  1. I don’t know how to thank you enough for the effort you’ve put in.
    God bless you richly and I pray that God will continue to protect you and your family

  2. This is the most exciting thing I’ve seen since I found Ray’s! Thank you!

  3. Thank you very much! God Bless you.

  4. Wow! What a blessing. I can not thank you enough!

  5. melissa says:

    This is amazing! I have been struggling to find a math curriculum for my young boys and this seems to be just what we need. I appreciate the hard work you put into the video lessons!

  6. I’m interested in using this next year. Are there answers for the problems available by chance?

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